People often ask me the difference between Japanese and Chinese style acupuncture, and are surprised when I explain that there are dozens of styles to choose from. I think this is vital information in order to choose the style and practitioner best for you.
Japanese acupuncture actually does not refer to one style of acupuncture, just like Chinese acupuncture is not one style either. They are both amalgamations of lineages and regional medicines, boxed up in to one general style at some point in the not too distant history. Still, there are some broad generalizations of differences that tend to occur.
Traditional Chinese Medicine/Acupuncture (TCM) is based in concepts from classical Chinese texts thousands of years old. It has a rich history of practice with varying techniques, but at this point in history it is largely based on the treatment of meridians and their corresponding internal organs, through the insertion of fine needles into specific points in the body to affect change in the body. It tends to be working within the muscle layer of tissue, and a major concept of activating the points involves stimulating to the point of sensation at the points, known as “de qi”, or arrival of the qi, bringing the conscious nervous system on board.
Qi is like the life force behind all living things. For Einsteinians out there this lines up well with “all matter is energy”, or for the young padawans, the Star Wars term is similar-- “The Force”. We also use other forms of bodywork such as tui na, a form of massage; moxibustion, the practice of burning moxa (the herb mugwort), over the points to warm and stimulate; and cupping/gua sha, manual techniques to stimulate blood flow, lymphatic flow, and detox. In Canada, acupuncturists are trained in this style.
Japanese acupuncture was based on all these same classic texts, however the divides in communication and periods of war between Japan and China throughout the centuries lead to differences in interpretation and practice. Today, some general differences include:
finer needles with more shallow insertion, and not necessarily achieving a deep achey sensation at the points
Greater focus on palpation in Japanese acupuncture, to the point that acupuncture was primarily a trade practiced by the blind--which to me is very impressive; and
Hara diagnosis, or palpation of the abdomen for reflexes, which I LOVE because it provides immediate feedback of the changes occuring during treatment, felt by both practitioner and patient in the moment.
A Focus on Lineage: Kiiko Matsumoto is a living legend in the field of acupuncture. She teaches seminars all throughout North America and the world, in the style of her mentor Master Nagano who memorized the classics and practiced his whole life blind. Kiiko Matsumoto’s teachings centre around “hara diagnosis” (which itself means “centre’ in Japanese) and involves palpating the abdomen to check for pain, pressure, pulsation or tension at different diagnostic points. Kiiko Matsumoto Style (KMS) Acupuncture is the primary focus of the acupuncture program at Harvard Medical School, taught as a post-doctoral program to Harvard MD’s. It never ceases to amaze myself and my patients, as both patient and practitioner can feel the differences in sensation in the abdomen within a session. Change in the hara signals that the body is shifting to take over its own healing again, and we know we are working from the root of the issue. Though every acupuncturist in Canada earns a sufficient depth and breadth of training in acupuncture, for me this style integrates and makes so much sense of the classic teachings, and allows me to really cohesively implement this vast body of healing knowledge.
Both Japanese and Chinese styles of acupuncture treat a wide range conditions like pain, headaches, insomnia, anxiety, immune function, hormone balancing in menopause, male and female fertilitiy issues, digestive disorders, post-surgery recovery, etc. KMS Acupuncture provides this with very comfortable gentle needling, and immediate feedback as to its effectiveness.
"Reflections on the Sea" -Kiiko Matsumoto & Stephen Birch
"Kiikko Matsomoto's Clinical Stragegies Vol. 1", Kiiko Matsumoto & David Euler
For a free consultation on what this can do for you, contact me at 250-391-8811 or firstname.lastname@example.org
Note: I have currently completed the 3 foundational skills seminars in Kiiko Matsumoto (KMS) style acupuncture plus countless hours and self-study, and will continue to study with Kiiko Matsumoto through her certificate training program with Monika Kobylecka in Portland, Oregon.